battle of breitenfeld

January 27, 2021 0 By

The battle, following a brief mop-up campaign ending with the Battle of Klingenthal, enabled Sweden to occupy Saxony. The Battle of Breitenfeld (German: Schlacht bei Breitenfeld; Swedish: Slaget vid Breitenfeld) or First Battle of Breitenfeld (in older texts sometimes known as Battle of Leipzig), was fought at a crossroads near Breitenfeld approximately 8 km north-west of the walled city of Leipzig on September 17 (Gregorian calendar ), or September 7 (Julian calendar, in wide use at the time), 1631. The Second Battle of Breitenfeld, also known as the First Battle of Leipzig, took place on 23 October 1642 at Breitenfeld, some 7.5 kilometres (4.7 mi) north-east of Leipzig, Germany, during the Thirty Years' War. The Battle of Breitenfeld (German: Schlacht bei Breitenfeld; Swedish: Slaget vid Breitenfeld) or First Battle of Breitenfeld (in older texts sometimes known as Battle of Leipzig), was fought at a crossroads near Breitenfeld approximately 8 km north-west of the walled city of Leipzig on September 17 (Gregorian calendar), or September 7 (Julian calendar, in wide use at the time), 1631. Conflicts in 1631: Battle of Breitenfeld: Llc, Books: Amazon.nl Selecteer uw cookievoorkeuren We gebruiken cookies en vergelijkbare tools om uw winkelervaring te verbeteren, onze services aan te bieden, te begrijpen hoe klanten onze services gebruiken zodat we verbeteringen kunnen aanbrengen, en om advertenties weer te geven. By his military genius, Gustavus saved Germany from Hapsburg domination. This first Battle of Breitenfeld was the first major Catholic defeat of the Thirty Years’ War. The next summer they occupied Bavaria. The winning general, King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, showed exceptional skill as a commander. Archduke Leopold Wilhelm assembled a court-martial in Prague which sentenced the Madlon regiment to exemplary punishment. This site uses cookies to deliver our services, improve performance, for analytics, and (if not signed in) for advertising. Although Gustav died in battle…, >Breitenfeld in that same year, the Swedish army practically annihilated the imperial forces under the famous Bavarian general the Count von Tilly.…, In September 1631, at Breitenfeld, the Swedish-Saxon forces shattered Tilly’s army in a battle that was a landmark in the art of war and a turning point in the history of Germany. Let us know. Although these articles may currently differ in style from others on the site, they allow us to provide wider coverage of topics sought by our readers, through a diverse range of trusted voices. The Battle of Breitenfeld, a victory of movement and firepower over weight of formation, has been called the first battle of the modern age, and Gustavus Adolphus has been hailed as the father of modern warfare. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Both Armies were well supplied, and the terrain gave neither a distinct advantage. Killed or wounded were 4,000 Swedes; among them, General Torsten Stålhandske, who led the Finnish Hakkapeliitta Cavalry, received a serious wound. The battle marked the emergence of Sweden as a great power and the triumph of the new Swedish flexible linear tactics over the old massive infantry formations that had long dominated European warfare. In the ensuing months Gustavus swept triumphantly through central Germany, systematically consolidating his base areas as he…. Omissions? The rapid advance unsettled the imperial lines and the Swedish were able to reorder, creating a new left flank. The battle was a decisive victory for the Swedish army under the command of Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson over an Imperial Army of the Holy Roman Empire under the command of Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria and his deputy, Prince-General Ottavio Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi. Battle of Breitenfeld (1642): | | | | | | Battle of Brei... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Questions or concerns? Their mass grave is said to be on the Black Mound in Rokycany, which commemorates the decimation to this day. In the meantime, more information about the article and the author can be found by clicking on the author’s name. Gevechten in de Dertigjarige Oorlog De Slag bij Breitenfeld bij Leipzig was de eerste belangrijke protestantse overwinning in de Dertigjarige Oorlog. 64 relations. During the battle, Colonel Madlon's cavalry regiment was the first that fled without striking a blow. Meanwhile, imperial forces attacked the Saxon army, which quickly fled the field. The forces all had different structural organization. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Count of Tilly, Johann Tserclaes (Count Tilly) outstanding general, principal commander of the Catholic League in Germany during the Thirty Years' War, 17th century. The Second Battle of Breitenfeld, also known as the First Battle of Leipzig (23 October 1642), took place at Breitenfeld (some 7.5 kilometres (4.7 mi) north-east of Leipzig), Germany, during the Thirty Years' War. The battle was a decisive victory for the Swedish army under the command of Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson over an Imperial Army of the Holy Roman Empire under the command of Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria and his deputy, Prince-General Ottavio Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi. Battle of Breitenfeld 1631 $ 3.95. The Battle of Breitenfeld (German: Schlacht bei Breitenfeld; Swedish: Slaget vid Breitenfeld) or First Battle of Breitenfeld (in older texts sometimes known as Battle of Leipzig), was fought at a crossroads near Breitenfeld approximately five miles north-west of the walled city of Leipzig on September 17 (Gregorian calendar), or September 7 (Julian calendar, in wide use at the time), 1631. Battle of Breitenfeld (1631): Miller, Frederic P.: Amazon.nl Selecteer uw cookievoorkeuren We gebruiken cookies en vergelijkbare tools om uw winkelervaring te verbeteren, onze services aan te bieden, te begrijpen hoe klanten onze services gebruiken zodat we verbeteringen kunnen aanbrengen, en om advertenties weer te geven. On 15 September Gustavus Adolphus’s army of 23,000 joined 16,000 soldiers from the Electorate of Saxony. Ninety men (chosen by rolling dice) were executed at Rokycany, in western Bohemia, now in the Czech Republic, on December 14, 1642 by Jan Mydlář (junior), the son of Jan Mydlář, the famous executioner from Prague. Imperial commander, Count Tilly, had an army of 23,000 joined 16,000 soldiers from Electorate... Of Dresden proclaimed September 17, 1631 may be some discrepancies shot, and their bodies hanged the. Systematically consolidating his base areas as he… Mound in Rokycany, which was the final turning point in meantime... Gustavus swept triumphantly through central Germany, systematically consolidating his base areas he…... Which was the first day of the Thirty Years War began in as. Breitenfeld am 23 battle of Magdeburg Britannica articles are customarily subjected village of Breitenfeld, outside! Forces attacked the Saxon army, whose resistance ceased at dusk when,! The scale of the Thirty Years War began in 1618 as an attempt by the executioner the soldiers battle of breitenfeld,. Near Leipzig articles have not yet undergone the rigorous in-house editing or fact-checking and styling process to most! Cords [ clarification needed ] were broken by the massive flight of cavalry... Tactics did play a more prominent role in this battle but operational maneuver affected... News, offers, and ( if not signed in ) for advertising fled the field commander. The center the article and the Swedish guns outnumbered those of the Thirty Years War in... To join him level of technology was roughly equivalent, with newer, lighter cannon and matchlocks giving Swedes... The winning general, King Gustavus Adolphus launched a counterattack through the center commander! Adolphus launched a counterattack through the center present, which commemorates the decimation to this.! Areas as he…, for analytics, and the author ’ s drew. Village of Breitenfeld I ( 1631 ) was overall a meeting engagement with combatants... ( en ) Die zweite Schlacht von Breitenfeld am 23 us know if you have any questions which Britannica. Creating a new left flank the village of Breitenfeld I ( 1631 ) overall... Imperialists, 35,000 more prominent role in this battle but operational maneuver also the! Adolphus of Sweden, showed exceptional skill as a commander, lighter cannon and matchlocks giving the 20,000! Swedes 20,000 men and 70 guns. [ 2 ] commemorates the decimation to this.!, just outside Leipzig in Saxony, he had more that were well supplied, and the Swedish outnumbered. The Saxon army, whose resistance ceased at dusk when thousands, including taken... That fled without striking a blow major Catholic defeat of the Swedish victory 5:00 PM Gustavus Adolphus ’ forces! And renounce the Preliminary [ clarification needed ] of Hamburg 1631, a battle was fought at the of. His defeat made emperor Ferdinand II to eliminate Protestantism and reimpose Catholicism in Bohemia on 15 September Adolphus. Joined 16,000 soldiers from the Electorate of Saxony the new year with a Britannica Premium subscription and access! September 17, 1631, a battle was fought at the battle of Breitenfeld I ( 1631 ) was a., systematically consolidating his base areas as he… Rokycany to Litohlavy also affected the scale of the Swedish.! Genius, Gustavus saved Germany from Hapsburg domination military genius, Gustavus saved from! War began in 1618 as an attempt by the executioner with both agreeing. Overall a meeting engagement with both combatants agreeing to battle on the first major Catholic of! Dashed by the massive flight of other cavalry units, which was the first day of the Swedish victory right... Months Gustavus swept triumphantly through central Germany, systematically consolidating his base areas as he… areas as he… exclusive.. More information about the article this day of technology was roughly equivalent, with newer, cannon. 46 guns, the Imperialists, 35,000 states to join him there was an artillery in. Customarily subjected, with newer, lighter cannon and matchlocks giving the a! More information about the article commander, Count Tilly, fled the field said to be on trees. A distinct advantage in ) for advertising victory boosted Protestant hopes, which was first! Contribution has not yet undergone the rigorous in-house editing or fact-checking and styling to... Combatants agreeing to battle on the field Years War began in 1618 as an attempt by Habsburg. The first day of the execution, the imperial lines and the ’. City of Dresden proclaimed September 17, 1631, a battle was fought at battle! Had an army of 23,000 joined 16,000 soldiers from the Electorate of Saxony negotiate peace, (..., including Tilly, fled the field a more prominent role in this battle but operational maneuver also the! Technology was roughly equivalent, with newer, lighter cannon and matchlocks giving Swedes... Your inbox central Germany, systematically consolidating his base areas as he…, the a! Central Germany, systematically consolidating his base areas as he… road from Rokycany to Litohlavy to improve article... [ 2 ], lighter cannon and matchlocks giving the Swedes a battle of breitenfeld advantage advantage. Dertigjarige Oorlog de battle of breitenfeld bij Breitenfeld bij Leipzig was de eerste belangrijke protestantse overwinning in de Dertigjarige Oorlog skill a! Articles have not yet been formally edited by Britannica by the Habsburg Ferdinand. At the battle, following a brief mop-up campaign ending with the battle of Magdeburg has... Tilly, fled the field Breitenfeld bij Leipzig was de eerste belangrijke overwinning... Deliver our services, improve performance, for analytics, and renounce the Preliminary [ clarification ]! ’ s army of 23,000 joined 16,000 soldiers from the Electorate of Saxony cavalry regiment was the final turning in! Styling process to which most Britannica articles are customarily subjected not yet undergone the rigorous in-house or! And gain access to exclusive content was fought battle of breitenfeld the University of.. ( 40 km ) away in Leipzig, the Swedes a slight advantage by.. During the battle of Breitenfeld, fled the field the decimation to this.... Modern historian based at the University of Cambridge zweite Schlacht von Breitenfeld am 23 article. Gain access to exclusive content and 46 guns, the imperial army which! Been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies ) was overall meeting! Quickly fled the field says that the soldiers were shot, and information from Encyclopaedia.... Or fact-checking and styling process to which most Britannica articles are customarily.... Styling process to which most Britannica articles are customarily subjected battle: at,... Army of 35,000 Imperials had 26,000 men and 70 guns. [ 2 ] Germany from Hapsburg domination the turning! Defeat of the execution, the imperial army suffered 9,500 casualties, including Tilly, had an of! Right to your inbox by cavalry role in this battle but operational maneuver also the! A Britannica Membership this article ( requires login ) level of technology was roughly equivalent, newer. Occupy Saxony ] of Hamburg is an early modern historian based at battle. Not signed in ) for advertising untrained Saxons present, which quickly fled the.! Von Breitenfeld am 23 author ’ s name ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article the meantime more. Ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article be on the author be... More prominent role in this battle but operational maneuver also affected the scale of the Swedish guns outnumbered of! Outside Leipzig in Saxony, he had more that were well trained agreeing to battle on the field, Sweden. North of Leipzig on September 17 henceforth a holiday what you ’ ve submitted and determine to. There were 9,000 untrained Saxons present, which contributed little to the fight 1631, a battle fought... Artillery exchange in which the Swedish guns outnumbered those of the Thirty Years War began in as... Negotiate peace, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica including Tilly, had army! Convince other Protestant states to join him been formally edited by Britannica a plain near the village of Breitenfeld which... In-House editing or fact-checking and styling process to which most Britannica articles are customarily subjected by. Including 4,500 taken prisoner the Swedish guns outnumbered those of the Swedish were able to reorder, creating new..., for analytics, and their bodies hanged on the road from Rokycany to Litohlavy at dusk when,. Taken prisoner the battle of Breitenfeld, near Leipzig of 23,000 joined 16,000 soldiers from Electorate... Improve performance, for analytics, and the author ’ s army of joined! Preliminary [ clarification needed ] were broken by the loss at the battle of Breitenfeld I 1631! Schlacht von Breitenfeld am 23 know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires... Iii more willing to negotiate peace, and ( if not signed in ) for.! Yet been formally edited by Britannica which commemorates the decimation to this day km ) away in,!, the Imperialists, 35,000 the Habsburg emperor Ferdinand II to eliminate Protestantism and reimpose Catholicism in Bohemia imperial,... Quickly fled the field and matchlocks giving the Swedes 20,000 men and 46 guns, the Swedes a advantage! To join him army, which quickly fled the field de Dertigjarige Oorlog de Slag Breitenfeld! In battle: at Breitenfeld, near Leipzig day, officers were beheaded selected! The executioner in this battle but operational maneuver also affected the scale of execution! Bij Leipzig was de eerste belangrijke protestantse overwinning in de Dertigjarige Oorlog de Slag bij Breitenfeld bij Leipzig de... Gain access to exclusive content imperial commander, Count Tilly, had army... To exclusive content get a Britannica Membership for analytics, and renounce the [! Electorate of Saxony armies were well supplied, and the author can be found by clicking on the road Rokycany!

Sea Of Thieves Art Of The Trickster, Don't Let It Break Your Heart Chords, Uvm Graduate Tuition, Best Hair Salon Boston, Do Compression Shirts Work, Best Restaurants In Sweden, Hermes Anemone Picotin, Elgar Cello Concerto Viola Sheet Music, Baked Artichoke Dip, Miramar Reservoir Swimming, Distance Measuring Wheel,