why is the jordan river important?

January 27, 2021 0 By

Its high-water period lasts from January to March, while its low-water period occurs at the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. It’s for that … The river has remained a religious destination and a site for baptisms. It is said to be the body of water which the Israelites crossed to reach their promised land and in which Jesus was baptised. God said, "This day will I begin to magnify thee in the sight of all Israel, that they may know that, as I was with Moses, so I will be with thee" (v. 7). It was in its waters that Jesus was baptized by St. John the Baptist. It is then joined by two more tributaries, the Ḥarod on the right bank and the Yābis on the left. John the Baptist baptized Christ in the River Jordan. Corrections? The prophecy of Isaiah regarding the Messiah which names the Jordan (Isaiah 9:1–2) is also reported in Matthew 4:15. It rarely rains in the Jordan Valley — but thanks to the river, plants grow in abundance. The Jordan River or River Jordan (Arabic: نَهْر الْأُرْدُنّ‎, Nahr al-Urdunn, Hebrew: נְהַר הַיַּרְדֵּן‎, Nahar ha-Yarden; Classical Syriac: ܢܗܪܐ ܕܝܘܪܕܢܢ‎), also known as Nahr Al Sharieat (Arabic: نهر الشريعة‎), is a 251-kilometre-long (156 mi) river in the Middle East that flows roughly north to south through the Sea of Galilee (Hebrew: כנרת Kinneret, Arabic: Bohayrat Tabaraya, meaning Lake of Tiberias) and on to the Dead Sea. Winters along the river are mild, especially in the south, but summers are torrid, again increasingly toward the south. Scholars have concluded that the site called Al-Maghtas on the east side has long been considered the location for the Baptism of Jesus and a place of pilgrimage though most current pilgrims go to a location on the west side, Qasr el Yahud, also long'established but not as early. One is that yar <√יר is an ancient word for "river", appearing also in other river names in the region such as Yarkon, Yarmouk and Yarmouth, and possibly Ye'or ('big river', the Biblical name for the Nile) as well. On more earthly side Israel polluted Jordan river to the dimay of ecologists. These days, those wishing to follow in Jesus’s footsteps and be soaked in the Jordan’s waters have to go to specially designated – and relatively pollution free - baptism areas. Jordan a river flowing southward for 320 km (200 miles) from the Anti-Lebanon Mountains through the Sea of Galilee into the Dead Sea. Portion of the Jordan Valley, a rift valley which runs north-south along the Jordan River. The Jordan is also known as the place where Prophet Elisha performed his miracles. “The Jordan Valley abounds with natural resources, such as water and fertile lands," Daraghmeh said. Early in the biblical narrative, Lot discovers that the “plain of the Jordan was well watered everywhere like the garden of the Lord” (Gen 13:10) and decides to settle there. ", "Water Diplomacy: Creating Value and Building Trust in Transboundary Water Negotiations", "Towards a Living Jordan River: An Environmental Flows Report on the Rehabilitation of the Lower Jordan River", "Appendix C: Historical review of the political riparian issues in the development of the Jordan River and basin management", "Baptism Site "Bethany Beyond the Jordan" (Al-Maghtas)", "Jah Lyrics: Burning Spear - Jordan River Lyrics", "Интервью с солистом группы "Spasenie" Игорем Мухой накануне концерта 1 июня в клубе "Реактор, Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, SMART – Multilateral project for sustainable water management in the lower Jordan Valley, "Map of the River Jordan and Dead Sea: And the Route of the Party Under the Command of Lieutenant W.F. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [12] The first recorded use of the name appears as Yārdon in Anastasi I, an ancient Egyptian papyrus that probably dates to the time of Rameses II. Gelb, I. J. The Jordan also can signify death itself, with the crossing from life into Paradise or Heaven. [15][16] Although historical sources do not appear to make this distinction, it is described in some modern sources as the name for the part of the river before it flows into Lake Tiberias.[17]. The current is relatively swift, and the river transports a considerable load of silt. Because of this and the high evaporation rate of the Dead Sea, as well as industrial extraction of salts through evaporation ponds, the Dead Sea is rapidly shrinking. The river holds major significance in Judaism and Christianity since the Bible says that the Israelites crossed it into the Promised Land and that Jesus of Nazareth was baptized by John the Baptist in it.[2]. The Jordan River flows through the Jordan Rift Valley into the Kinneret and then continues down into the Dead Sea with no outlet. A portion of the course of the Jordan River. In 2 Kings 6:1–4 the Jordan valley is portrayed as a woodland region. Jordan River. In 1964, Israel began operating a pumping station that diverts water from the Sea of Galilee to the National Water Carrier. It is a place of many important biblical events. In the New Testament, the Jordan River played an important role in preparing people for the ministry of Jesus Christ. The flat arid terraces of that area, known as the Ghawr (Ghor), are cut here and there by wadis or rivers into rocky towers, pinnacles, and badlands, forming a maze of ravines and sharp crests that resemble a lunar landscape. That is why the river is important for Judaism. Another important site on the Jordan is near Jericho. Read the article: Sacred Jordan River. For Israel, the water of the Jordan River is an absolute neccessity for drinking water and for irrigation. For other uses, see. Yom HaAliyah (Aliyah Day, Hebrew: יום העלייה‎) is an Israeli national holiday celebrated annually on the tenth of the Hebrew month of Nisan to commemorate the Israelites crossing the Jordan River into the Land of Israel while carrying the Ark of the Covenant as recorded in the Hebrew Bible’s Book of Joshua. Although the bordering plateaus receive relatively abundant rainfall, the Jordan Valley itself is not well watered. This same location today is known as Qasr Al-Yahud, located on the Jordan River just North of where it flows into the Dead Sea. These acts of Baptism are also reported as having taken place at Bethabara (John 1:28). The first time that readers come across a reference to the River Jordan is in chapter 26. It is a place of many important biblical events. Over its upper course (fed by the Hasbani River, Banias River, Dan River, and the Iyyon Stream), the river drops rapidly in a 75-kilometre (47 mi) run to the once large and swampy Lake Hula, which is slightly above sea level. The rate of flow, however, diminishes downstream as a result of evaporation losses and the seeping away of water. Nahal Bezeq, on the border between Israel and the West Bank, between, Wadi Malih/Milkha from the Samaria Mountains, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 21:24. The longest of those is the Ḥāṣbānī, which rises in Lebanon, near Ḥāṣbayyā, at an elevation of 1,800 feet (550 metres). WHY GOD DRIED UP THE JORDAN 1. The last 120-kilometre (75 mi)-long section follows what is commonly termed the "Jordan Valley", which has less gradient (the total drop is another 210 metres) so that the river meanders before entering the Dead Sea, a terminal lake about 422 metres below sea level with no outlet. The Jordan itself is shallow. Jacob crossed it and its tributary, the Jabbok (the modern Al-Zarqa), on his way back from Haran (Genesis 32:11, 32:23–24). Along that stretch, the Jordan’s floodplain is known as the Zūr, and it describes so many meanders that, although it course runs for some 135 miles (215 km), the actual distance it covers between the Sea of Galilee and the Dead Sea is only 65 miles (105 km). At that point, the river is situated about 210 metres below sea level. In the Hebrew Bible the Jordan is referred to as the source of fertility of a large plain ("Kikkar ha-Yarden"), said to be watered like "the garden of the LORD" (Genesis 13:10). We cannot serve a holy God with unholy minds after crossing the Jordan. The Jordan River, due primarily to its rich spiritual importance, has provided inspiration for countless songs, hymns, and stories, including the traditional African-American spiritual/folk songs "Michael Row the Boat Ashore", "Deep River", and "Roll, Jordan, Roll". Jordan and the Golan Heights border the river to the east, while the West Bank and Israellie to its west. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In the plain of the Jordan, between Succoth and Zarthan, is the clay ground where Solomon had his brass-foundries (1 Kings 7:46). Millions of pilgrims make the … The Jordan is significant for Jews because the tribes of Israel under Joshua crossed the river on dry ground to enter the Promised Land after years of wandering in the desert. [32] Earlier, On 15 May 1717, the Empress Maria Theresa was baptised in Vienna by the Papal Nuntius Giorgio Spinola, representing Pope Clement XI, with baptismal water containing a few drops from the River Jordan. The Jordan Valley constitutes a segment of the extensive East African Rift System, a rift valley running north and south that extends from southern Turkey southward via the Red Sea and into eastern Africa. It was decided to retain the lake and surrounding wetlands area as a protected nature reserve, and some of the plants and animals (notably migratory birds) returned to the region. [citation needed] Jordan River is also the subject of roots reggae artist Burning Spear's song of the same title. The Jordan River or River Jordan (Arabic: نَهْر الْأُرْدُنّ‎, Nahr al-Urdunn, Hebrew: נְהַר הַיַּרְדֵּן‎, Nahar ha-Yarden; Classical Syriac: ܢܗܪܐ ܕܝܘܪܕܢܢ‎), also known as Nahr Al Sharieat (Arabic: نهر الشريعة‎), is a 251-kilometre-long (156 mi) river in the Middle East that flows roughly north to south through the Sea of Galilee (Hebrew: כנרת Kinneret, Arabic: Bohayrat Tabaraya, meaning Lake of Tiberias) and on to the Dead Sea. The prophet and wonder-worker Elisha performed two miracles at the Jordan: he healed Naaman's leprosy by having him bathe in its waters (2 Kings 5:14), and he made an axe head lost by one of the "children of the prophets" float, by throwing a piece of wood into the water (2 Kings 6:6). Environmentalists say the practice of letting sewage and brackish water flow into the river has almost destroyed its ecosystem. The river was called the Aulon by the Greeks and is sometimes called Al-Sharīʿah (“Watering Place”) by the Arabs. The actual crossing is the final step of the journey, which is then complete. We cannot win a battle when there is sin in the camp. Mehr, Farhang, "The politics of water," in Antonino Zichichi, Richard C. Ragaini, eds., Narrative of the United States' Expedition to the River Jordan and the Dead Sea, Jordan River Crossing or Sheikh Hussein Bridge, "Hydro-political Baseline of the Upper Jordan River", "Modelling precipitation-streamflow processes in karst basin: The case of the Jordan River sources, Israel", "History of the Dead Sea - Discover the Dead Sea with Us! Menawhile hydroelectric schemes which were built along the Jordan’s co… It lies in a structural depression and has the lowest elevation of any river in the world. Remember how Joshua’s men fell at Ai when Achan stole the possessions of Ai. Facts about the River Jordan 2: Christianity In Christianity, River Jordan is also important because John the Baptist baptized Jesus of Nazareth in the river. "It is an important strategic area. The New Testament states that John the Baptist baptised unto repentance[29] in the Jordan (Matthew 3:5–6; Mark1:5; Luke 3:3; John1:28). A 2010 study found that the Lower Jordan River has been reduced to 2% of its historic flow. Environmentalists blame Israel, Jordan and Syria for extensive damage to the Jordan River ecosystem. Updates? The Jordan is fed by rains falling on the neighbouring plateaus; the waters then flow downward through rivers or wadis. 11. Inflow from the Yarmūk River once nearly doubled the Jordan’s flow, but the Yarmūk’s contribution was subsequently reduced as a result of damming upstream. Two major tributaries enter from the east during this last section: the Yarmouk River and Zarqa River. Later the two tribes and the half tribe that settled east of the Jordan built a large altar on its banks as "a witness" between them and the other tribes (Joshua 22:10, 22:26, et seq.). [10] Cognates of the word are found in Aramaic, Hebrew, and other Semitic languages. [19] In 2007, FoEME named the Jordan River as one of the world's 100 most endangered ecological sites, due in part to lack of cooperation between Israel and neighboring Arab states. It is 251 kilometres (156 mi) long. The Jordan River was also a very important symbol to folk, gospel, spiritual music, poetry, and other literary works. River Jordan is considered as the site where Israelites went into Promised Land. Jordan River, which is the river where Jesus was baptised by John the Baptist according to Christian tradition. The Jordan is also where John the Baptist bore record of Jesus as the Son of God and Lamb of God (John 1:29–36). This has led to choosing Al-Maghtas as a UNESCO World Heritage site, which took place in 2015.[30]. Nile irrigates Egypt and Tigris and Euphrates irrigate Iraq . At this time of year the snows of Mount Hermon were melting, the Jordan river would overflow its banks, and become as wide as one mile in places. There is no regular description of the Jordan in the Bible; only scattered and indefinite references to it are given. The valley walls are steep, sheer, and bare, and they are broken only by the gorges of tributary wadis (seasonal watercourses). The river rises on the slopes of Mount Hermon, on the border between Syria and Lebanon, and flows southward through northern Israel to the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberius). The existence of thermal springs, notably in the Tiberias region on the western side of the Sea of Galilee, as well as the concentration of gypsum, give the Jordan’s waters a relatively high degree of salinity, which can leave a salt residue in the soil when the water is used for irrigation. South of the lake, it forms the border between the Kingdom of Jordan (to the east), and Israel (to the west). [21], Recent literature shows the role of power asymmetries and of discourses and narratives in shaping hydropolitics along the Jordan River Basin.[22]. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. [10] According to this hypothesis, "Den" might be linked to the Akkadian word dannum for "powerful". The Jordan Valley is a strategic area full of natural resources, and it has a great economic value. Jordan and the Golan Heights border the river to the east, while the West Bank and Israel lie to its west. Most polluted is the 100-kilometre downstream stretch—a meandering stream from above the confluence with the Yarmouk to the Dead Sea. [citation needed], The flow rate of the Jordan River once was 1.3 billion cubic metres per year; as of 2010, just 20 to 30 million cubic metres per year flow into the Dead Sea. [20], A small section of the northernmost portion of the Lower Jordan, the first ca. The river then drops sharply down to the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee. Glossary of Old Akkadian. The Jordan River was a constant theme in spiritual songs sung by African-Americans, and for them it represented freedom. After 1948 the river marked the frontier between Israel and Jordan from just south of the Sea of Galilee to the point where the Yābis River flows into it from the east (left) bank. The 50 MCM/yr that Israel provides from Lake Tiberias as part of the 1994 peace treaty was meant to compensate for this loss. In an instance, in one miraculous event, Elisha told the Syrian general Naaman to wash in the Jordan, seven … It is noted as the line of demarcation between the "two tribes and the half tribe" settled to the east (Numbers 34:15) and the "nine tribes and the half tribe of Manasseh" that, led by Joshua, settled to the west (Joshua 13:7, passim). One of the obvious reasons why God dried up the Jordan River was to facilitate the conquest of the land of Canaan for His people. [25], Conflict about the waters of the Jordan River was a contributing factor to the Six-Day War when, starting in 1965, Syria attempted to divert some of its headwaters in collaboration with Lebanon and Jordan. The Jordan is a frequent symbol in folk, gospel, and spiritual music, and in poetic and literary works. In biblical times, the river Jordan was both a source of life and a great barrier. Madaba is well known for its mosaics, as well as important religious sites such as The Madaba Map, the oldest surviving original cartographic depiction of the Holy Land and especially Jerusalem. [24] Water quality has also deteriorated sharply, with high levels of salinity and pollution from agricultural fertilizer and untreated wastewater upstream in Israel and the West Bank. The context was the crossing of the Jordan by the children of Israel on their way to the Promised Land – and in parallel, crossing the Ohio River by escaped slaves on their way to freedom. Both Jordan and the West Bank take their names from the river. By the 1990s much of the valley’s soil had been degraded, and portions of the area had become flooded. [34], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}33°11′12″N 35°37′09″E / 33.18667°N 35.61917°E / 33.18667; 35.61917, River in West Asia flowing to the Dead Sea, This article is about the river in the Middle East. In the New Testament, John’s baptism of Jesus forms a seminal moment in the life of Christ and marks a defining event in the Christian Church. Just inside Israel, those three rivers join together in the Ḥula Valley. Perhaps the most memorable miracle that God … The Jordan was crossed by Elijah and Elisha on dry ground (2 Kings 2:8, 2:14). [33] Belarusian band Spasenie dedicated its whole album “Crossing the Jordan” to the topic. Begins at the of the Sea of Galilee and flows south until it reaches the Dead Sea Why is the Jordan River important to southwest Asia (ME) Brings drinking water to … The Jordan has a number of fords, and one of them is famous as the place where many Ephraimites were slain by Jephthah (Judges 12:5–6). That lake, which historically was measured at 686 feet (209 metres) below sea level, has for decades averaged some 6.5 to 13 feet (2 to 4 metres) lower annually than that value. Route 90, part of which is named after Rehavam Zeevi, connects the northern and southern tips of the Israeli-occupied West Bank and parallels the Jordan River on the western side. Because of the baptism of Jesus, water from the Jordan is employed for the christening of heirs and princes in several Christian royal houses, such as the cases of Prince George of Cambridge, Simeon of Bulgaria[31] and James Ogilvy. The New Testament speaks several times about Jesus crossing the Jordan during his ministry (Matthew 19:1; Mark 10:1), and of believers crossing the Jordan to come hear him preach and to be healed of their diseases (Matthew 4:25; Mark 3:7–8). Both Jordan and t… The river was called the Aulon by the Greeks and is sometimes called Al-Sharīʿah (“Watering Place”) by the Arabs. Note that they were "in" Jordan (not on the riverbank) and that Jesus came "up out" of the water. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. [18] The full text of W. F. Lynch's 1849 book Narrative of the United States' Expedition to the River Jordan and the Dead Sea is available online. Throughout the Hebrew Bible, the Jordan River serves primarily as a regional indicator and a boundary, both real and symbolic. The Jordan River’s plain then spreads out to a width of about 15 miles (24 km) and becomes very regular. Jordan River, Arabic Nahr Al-Urdun, Hebrew Ha-Yarden, river of southwestern Asia, in the Middle East region. The Jordan River is more than 223 miles (360 km) in length, but, because its course is meandering, the actual distance between its source and the Dead Sea is less than 124 miles (200 km). The northern one, Jordan River Crossing or Sheikh Hussein Bridge is near Beit She'an; the southern one, Allenby Bridge (also King Hussein Bridge), is near Jericho. https://www.britannica.com/place/Jordan-River, Jordan River - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Jordan River - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Jordan receives 50,000,000 cubic metres (1.8×109 cu ft) of water from the river, a quantity which is regulated by the 1994 peace treaty with Israel. Omissions? It dates to the 6th century AD. Opposite Jericho, it was called "the Jordan of Jericho" (Numbers 34:15; 35:1). It is significant for Christians because John the Baptist baptised Jesus in the waters of the Jordan. Jordan is home to many biblical sites including, among others, the Jordan River where Jesus was babtised by John the Baptist, Mount Nebo where Moses died, as well as the sinful cities of Sodom and Gomorrah. Catch the Yarmouk 's waters principal sources, all of which rise at the end of the water of water... As a UNESCO World Heritage site, which is then complete step of Jordan. Regional indicator and a boundary, both real and symbolic is said to be the body of water to nile! To its West within the boundaries of Israel and southwestern Syria with a Britannica Membership ( 9:1–2... 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Relatively swift, and other Semitic languages the northern shore of the same title Golan Heights border the now. Lands, '' Daraghmeh said March, while the West Bank and the Golan border.

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